Download e-book for iPad: Tobacco by Arlene Hirschfelder

By Arlene Hirschfelder

ISBN-10: 0313358087

ISBN-13: 9780313358081

ISBN-10: 0313358095

ISBN-13: 9780313358098

With demands larger govt law of tobacco culminating within the old June 2009 passage of federal antismoking laws, Tobacco couldn't be extra well timed. it's the so much authoritative and available quantity on hand at the evolution of tobacco intake in addition to efforts to guard shoppers from its dangers.Tobacco makes a speciality of 5 key concerns: tobacco excise taxation and healthiness coverage; the usually deceptive ads of cigarettes and "low tar/nicotine" possible choices; the function of the foodstuff and Drug management in regulating tobacco; schooling and prevention efforts aimed toward young ones and teenagers; and environmental tobacco wellbeing and fitness dangers, together with moment hand smoke. it truly is an eye-opening advent to the full heritage of efforts to control tobacco—from its beginnings within the revolutionary period of the early twentieth century to fresh efforts to discover suppressed clinical stories, ban smoking advertisements, and get smoking out of the films.

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Auerbach’s research confirmed that biological changes were happening in the lungs of smokers. PUBLIC HEALTH AND TOBACCO 37 A similar longitudinal study by British investigators also took place around the same time, although it was smaller in scope. Richard Doll, epidemiologist and physician, and Bradford Hill, lung cancer researcher, sent questionnaires to 60,000 doctors in Great Britain inquiring about their smoking habits, with follow-up periods on their health status. “The Mortality of Doctors in Relation to Their Smoking Habits,” published in the British Medical Journal in 1954, included an analysis from over 40,000 British male physicians over 35 years of age who responded.

In 1939 Drs. ”22 Not all doctors agreed tobacco was hazardous. Many physicians and scientists were skeptical about the epidemiological evidence, because they felt a statistical connection between an increase in cigarette smoking and an increase in lung cancer did not prove there was a causal connection. Dr. Evarts A. 23 TOBACCO USE, HEALTH RISKS, AND DISEASE 25 Some physicians even defended smoking as an antidote to the stresses of modern life. As late as 1948, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) argued that “more can be said on behalf of smoking as a form of escape from tension than against it .

16 In Ashes to Ashes, Kluger described the 1950s as a time when the tobacco industry attracted credentialed scientists, health professionals, and statisticians to the Tobacco Research Council, people not wholly convinced smoking caused lung cancer (based on what are now known to be unacceptable ideas). Because of the apparent diversity of opinion, physicians and other health professionals were not actively involved in antitobacco education or in a public antitobacco movement. ”17 Nevertheless, the issue of smoking and lung cancer came at a time when public health officials were adjusting their priorities.

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Tobacco by Arlene Hirschfelder

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