By Piotr Pachura
This ebook provides an interdisciplinary research of ecu nearby harmony in accordance with a community and clusters process. the writer explores the query if and the way the presence of community buildings helps the effectiveness of transformation in ecu areas, particularly with a spotlight on non-pecuniary components of local progress. For a theoretical starting place of the subject, features of a networking economic system in addition to the determinants of european guidelines on neighborhood improvement and innovation are tested and mentioned. The empirical research on the center of this paintings offers and uses interdisciplinary methodological instruments reminiscent of information Envelopment research (DEA), K-means versions and self-organizing maps.
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60). , edit. “Klastry. Innowacyjne wyzwanie dla Polski” (Clusters. Innovative challenges for Poland), IBNGR, p. 19. 23 Further work on the concept of the innovative environment bore fruit in the appearance of a more profound and practical use of the theories of regional systems of innovation. Further approaches emphasizing the fact that the factors of competitiveness of enterprises first and foremost emerge in conditions of regional development and are referred to as learning regions. The dominating role of knowledge in regional development was observed by such authors as: Florida, Morgan, Cooke, Lundvall, who led to the spread of the notion of a learning region in literature.
Clusters are not limited to the type of enterprises which can become its member. Both direct competitors and foreign business units can freely participate in the aforesaid initiatives. The only restriction in this regard refers to one level in the value chain, which means for instance a greater role in including specific producers but not their suppliers and clients. The fundamentality of initiating policies based on clusters is becoming univocally confirmed by the benefits indicated which are provided to enterprises in these types of initiatives.
Each individual cluster is an exceptional structure that is deeply built into the local specific conditions. The strong sense of taking root as regards this system in the social conditions of a given region constitutes the basic criteria that differentiates the particular clusters. The non-economic factors to a large extent explain the mechanisms of formulating systems of network interaction. In this case, the assumptions formulated by Scott and Storper would seem to be accurate, in which they mark out the role of non-economic factors in regional development.
Regional Cohesion: Effectiveness of Network Structures by Piotr Pachura