By Torben Thrane
Dr Thrane makes an unique contribution to 1 of the critical themes in syntax and semantics: the character and mechanisms of reference in normal language. He makes a primary contrast among syntactic analyses which are inner to the constitution of a language and analyses of the referential homes that attach a language with the 'outside international' - and accordingly derive in a few experience from universal human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this contrast and to wait individually to either different types of research has vitiated prior normal bills of linguistic constitution. The e-book focuses rather on pronouns and at the position of determiners, quantifiers and different parts of the noun word. lots of the facts come from the trendy Germanic languages, particularly English, yet Dr Thrane considers additionally the structural peculiarities of 'classifier languages' like Vietnamese. The publication should be very important for college students of English language in addition to for normal linguists.
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Additional info for Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference
It may or may not converge with the former, which I consider one of the most outstanding characteristics of natural 33 34 Some fundamental notions language. It may be seen as a coin, the reverse of which makes language suitable as a vehicle of lies (cf. Weinrich 1966), the obverse of which equips language as the medium of literature ('afactual writing* — cf. in particular Frye 1957: 74ff). It may, indeed, be difficult to accept (1). What use would language be, it might be said, if we could not employ it to speak about the things around us ?
In chapter 3 I shall go into a more detailed discussion of some of these issues, establishing a distinction between syntactico-semantic and referential-semantic analyses. The form of semantic analysis to be developed here will be of the latter variety. That is, it emphasizes the inter-level relationships of meaning such that its statements of meaning indicate what non-linguistic entities we, as speakers, may mention by means of particular words and phrases. It avails itself of a natural form of semantic representation in terms of semantic components.
We shall not generally be concerned with nominalizations, but the expression John's reckless driving in (i) would qualify as a referential expression on the definition adopted. 39 40 The basis of RS-analysis The term 'referential expression* is chosen deliberately in favour of the term 'referring expression', for the following reasons: Although 'referring expression' has a certain standing as a technical term in (philosophical) treatments of reference, it usually carries the implication, unfortunate for my concerns, that there is a referent for any referring expression.
Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference by Torben Thrane