By Willem van Winden, Leo van den Berg, Luis Carvalho, Erwin van Tuijl
In huge towns in built international locations, the percentage of producing has declined tremendously within the final many years and the proportion of carrier has grown as many production organizations have closed or moved to lower-cost destinations. the method of deindustrialization is frequently visible as a part of the inevitable shift in the direction of an information established economic system and concrete economies come to depend upon learn and improvement, monetary companies, tourism and the inventive industries. This publication seems to be on the altering hyperlink among production and knowledge-based actions in city areas.
The authors increase a brand new framework drawing on insights from association experiences and local financial literature a number of overseas case reports in Western and jap Europe, South the United States and Asia.
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Additional resources for Manufacturing in the New Urban Economy
Finally, the study makes clear that Dortmund has no large companies in the manufacturing sector. Apart from some establishments of ThyssenKrupp and Salzgitter AG, there are no companies with more than 500 employees (Stadt Dortmund, 2007). The structure of the manufacturing sector is dominated by many small and medium enterprises (SMEs), often owned via a family business structure. However, in the region (other parts of the Ruhr area) there are several large companies, such as ThyssenKrupp (headquartered in Duisburg/Essen), Opel and BP Germany in Bochum, and RWE AG and EON Ruhrgas AG in Essen (RVR, 2006a, b).
For each of the interviews, we used a semi-structured questionnaire, focusing on the different issues under analysis in our research framework, allowing for comparability and cross-case analysis. 3. Each interview took between 60–90 minutes and detailed interview reports were produced afterwards. Following the procedures of Merton and Kendall (1946) and Kincaid and Bright (1957), the interviews were conducted simultaneously by at least two of the authors, in order to reduce interpretation bias and systematically explore new emerging issues and relations.
In this respect, we make the distinction between two types of firm activity: exploration (the development of new capabilities) and exploitation (the efficient use of current assets and capabilities). Based on these activities we distinguish two types of networks: ‘knowledge networks’ which include exploration activities and ‘production networks’ that focus on exploitation activities. 20 Manufacturing in the New Urban Economy Cluster performance In this study, we assume that performance of the regional industry is dependent on the foundations described above, as well as industry-specific aspects (the size and composition of the cluster, the network structure and the governance of the cluster).
Manufacturing in the New Urban Economy by Willem van Winden, Leo van den Berg, Luis Carvalho, Erwin van Tuijl