By Bruce Riedel
In February 1989, the CIA's leader in Islamabad famously cabled headquarters an easy message: "We Won." It used to be an understated coda to the main winning covert intelligence operation in American history.
In What We Won, CIA and nationwide defense Council veteran Bruce Riedel tells the tale of America's mystery conflict in Afghanistan and the defeat of the Soviet fortieth purple military within the battle that proved to be the ultimate conflict of the chilly battle. He seeks to reply to one uncomplicated query —why did this intelligence operation be successful so brilliantly?
Riedel has the vantage aspect few others can provide: He used to be ensconced within the CIA's Operations heart whilst the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on Christmas Eve 1979. The invasion took the intelligence neighborhood all of sudden. however the reaction, initiated via Jimmy Carter and sped up by means of Ronald Reagan, was once a masterful intelligence enterprise.
Many books were written approximately intelligence disasters —from Pearl Harbor to Sep 11. less has been written approximately how and why intelligence operations be successful. the answer's advanced. It includes either the weaknesses and error of America's enemies, in addition to common sense and strengths of the United States.
Riedel introduces and explores the complicated personalities pitted within the struggle —the Afghan communists, the Russians, the Afghan mujahedin, the Saudis, and the Pakistanis. after which there are the americans —in this struggle, no americans fought at the battlefield. The CIA didn't ship officials into Afghanistan to struggle or maybe to train.
In 1989, victory for the yank part of the chilly conflict appeared entire. Now we will see new period was once additionally starting within the Afghan struggle within the Eighties, the period of the worldwide jihad. This ebook examines the teachings we will examine from this intelligence operation for the long run and makes a few observations on what got here subsequent in Afghanistan —and what's most likely but to come.