By Friedrich Rapp (auth.)
Friedrich Rapp, during this magisterial and significant essay on know-how, the advanced human phenomenon that calls for philosophy of technological know-how, philosophy of tradition, ethical perception, and historic sensi tivity for its figuring out, writes modestly of the grave and ten tative scenario within the philosophy of know-how. regardless of the professional discovered thinkers who've committed time and mind's eye and ratio nal penetration, regardless of the big literature now on hand, the numerous and comparative viewpoints of political, analytic, regardless of metaphysical, cultural, even esthetic commitments, certainly regardless of the sincere becoming a member of of historic and systematic tools of inves tigation, we're faraway from a passable realizing of the thrill and sorrows, the achievements and disappointments, of the tech nological saga of human societies. Professor Rapp has ready this document at the philosophical figuring out of expertise for a afflicted international; if ever philosophy have been wanted, it truly is within the prac tical try to locate possible choices between applied sciences, to foresee risks and possibilities, to decide on with a feeling of the possibil ity of pleasurable humane values. Emerson said the coed no longer as a expert aside, yet as 'Man considering' and Rapp's essay so speaks to we all, business international or 3rd international, engineers or humanists, drained or full of life, worried or optimistic.
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Additional info for Analytical Philosophy of Technology
Decisive for an understanding of modem technology is the fact that in the course of technological development, new needs continuously appear which are awakened by the expanding potential of technology and which lead to concrete technological projects. 'Technological progress', accepted as the general norm, requires optimal efficiency and rationality in the use of existing technological systems. With this, man has largely relinquished his position as an autonomous subject vis-a-vis technology and has subjected himself to the dictates of real or imagined technological necessities.
It is evident from appearances too that the complicated apparatuses and systems of modem technology represent by no means direct solutions to problems. They reflect instead intentionally taken detours through theory fonnation and methodological reflection. In what follows, three different models of the development of 37 38 CHAPTER III technology are examined. Each model will emphasize different factors, driving forces, or determinants of technological development. The trick is to focus only on the variables of interest in each case, keeping all other variables relevant to the subject matter outside one's attention, or considered with a ceteris paribus reservation, constant and therefore negligible.
A similar definition provided by Eyth is "technology is everything that gives a corporeal form to human will. 4, 3-4). Friedrich Dessauer, too, focuses on the idea of creative transformations. 11, 234). Other authors, however, see the essence of technology not in the fact of human activity, but in the methodological character of the procedures employed. 33, 51-53). In the same vein, Fr. von Gottl-Ottlilienfeld defines "technology in the subjective sense as the art of the right way to an end . " As he further explains, "that way is always the most reasonable one which, calculated by the unit of success, requires the least expenditure.
Analytical Philosophy of Technology by Friedrich Rapp (auth.)