By Natalie Melas
This ebook is set tradition and comparability. beginning with the historical past of the self-discipline of comparative literature and its forgotten relation to the positivist comparative technique, it inquires into the belief of comparability in a postcolonial international. comparability was once Eurocentric by means of exclusion whilst it utilized purely to eu literature, and Eurocentric by way of discrimination whilst it tailored evolutionary versions to put ecu literature on the vanguard of human improvement. This ebook argues that inclusiveness isn't a adequate reaction to postcolonial and multiculturalist demanding situations since it leaves the foundation of equivalence unquestioned. the purpose isn't just to carry extra gadgets less than comparability, yet relatively to envision the method of comparability. The publication deals a brand new method of the either/or of relativism and universalism, within which comparability is both most unlikely or assimilatory, through focusing as a substitute on a number of varieties of “incommensurability”—comparisons during which there's a flooring for comparability yet no foundation for equivalence. each one bankruptcy develops a selected type of such cultural comparability from readings of significant novelists (Joseph Conrad, Simone Schwartz-Bart), poets (Aimé Césaire, Derek Walcott), and theorists (Edouard Glissant, Jean-Luc Nancy).
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Additional resources for All the Difference in the World: Postcoloniality and the Ends of Comparison
176–7; Homer, The Iliad, trans. E. V. Rieu (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1950), 225. 2. Brian Vickers, In Defence of Rhetoric (Oxford University Press, 1988), 491. 22 War and words 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Martin Gilbert, Second World War (London: Phoenix, 1989), 1. William Shakespeare, Henry V: Prologue: 11–14. , 18. Walter Benjamin, Illuminations, ed. Hannah Arendt, trans. Harry Zohn (London: Cape, 1970), 244. Jonathan Jones, “The Shame and the Glory,” Guardian (2 September 2006), 28–33: 32.
But the suffering of the British Isles was secondary to that of central Europe in the Thirty Years War (1618–48), a war, or rather a sequence of wars, which for Germans deﬁned the awfulness of war until the First World War. The peace of Westphalia, which ended the war in 1648, did not mark such a neat break between wars of religion and wars waged solely by sovereign states as standard generalizations suggest, but the point remains that for Hobbes, the wars of his own lifetime, fought by weak states and sustained by private military companies, supported his construct that man in a state of nature was predisposed to violence.
The experience is so intense that he wants to “etch” the memories “into his heart,”25 a sobering response from one who has witnessed ﬁrsthand the effects of war on the human frame. To register what has happened – on the page, if not on the body – becomes one of his motives for writing. But war literature as record keeping is more often expressed as the need to keep the record for others – those who were there and can no longer speak for themselves, and those who were not there and need to be told.
All the Difference in the World: Postcoloniality and the Ends of Comparison by Natalie Melas