By F. Nihan Ketrez
A pupil Grammar of Turkish is a concise advent to Turkish grammar, designed particularly for English-speaking scholars and execs. Written with the desires of the learner greatly in brain, it units out the grammar of the language in a transparent and jargon-free type. The booklet not just explains the basics of the grammar, but in addition assessments scholars' realizing in an interactive approach with greater than two hundred routines. Key grammar issues are summarised in tables and there are many illustrative examples. an inventory of grammatical phrases utilized in the publication and a key to all of the workouts also are supplied. This crucial grammar and workout ebook can be utilized as a complement for college kids learning the language, with a twin functionality as a reference advisor to seem up grammar issues, and as a source from which workouts should be set and language talents practised.
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Extra resources for A Student Grammar of Turkish
Ev-de ‘at home’). These are usually the instances where you would use prepositions such as at, on, in in English. In Turkish, such relations that are marked with prepositions are expressed with case markers attached to the ends of the nouns. ’ In other words, some verbs require the locative case 27 A STUDENT GRAMMAR OF TURKISH marker on their complements, but these are few in number. Otherwise, the function of the locative case is very clear and predictable. The locative marker -DA undergoes both vowel harmony and consonant assimilation.
17. Biz s¸imdi Istanbul ˙ New York herg¨un uc¸ak var mı? 18. 4 The accusative The accusative case marker is -(y)I. I-type vowel harmony applies to the vowel in the suffix yı, yi, yu, y¨u. -y is dropped when it is attached to consonant-ending words: ev-i but araba-yı. 34 Case markers After the possessive marker (including the compound marker) and pronouns the suffix is nı, ni, nu, n¨u. The accusative case occurs on the direct object in a sentence. It usually makes the object definite, that is, it functions as ‘the’ in English.
11. dayı g¨or¨umce torun kayınvalide elti dede bacanak kayınbirader baldız gelin damat Locations that are typically expressed with postpositions such as ‘under,’ ‘above,’ and ‘in’ are expressed with the genitive-possessive construction in Turkish. Here are some examples. See Chapter 19 for more examples and discussion of such structures. Kedi masa-nın alt-ı-nda. ’ Anahtarları masa-nın u¨ st-¨u-ne koydum. ’ Exercise 13 Make sentences with a word from each column. ¨ Ornek: Elma masanın u¨ st¨unde.
A Student Grammar of Turkish by F. Nihan Ketrez