By Timothy J. Stapleton
An army heritage of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the top of Apartheid represents the 1st entire army historical past of South Africa from the start of eu colonization within the Cape through the 1650s to the present postapartheid republic. With specific emphasis at the final 2 hundred years, this balanced research stresses the old significance of battle and armed forces constructions within the shaping of recent South African society. vital subject matters comprise army model throughout the strategy of colonial conquest and African resistance, the expansion of South Africa as a local army energy from the early twentieth century, and South African involvement in conflicts of the decolonization period. prepared chronologically, every one bankruptcy studies the key conflicts, regulations, and army problems with a selected interval in South African heritage. assurance contains the wars of colonial conquest (1830-69), the diamond wars (1869-81), the gold wars (1886-1910), international Wars I and II (1910-45), and the apartheid wars (1948-94).
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Additional resources for A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid
The key to Boer success lay in concentrated use of ﬁrepower from behind fortiﬁcation, funneling of enemies into narrow killing zones, and ﬁre and movement that lured African forces into attacks on prepared positions. Superior mobility was important. Since every Boer man was mounted, they could strike when and where it was least expected, and pursue retreating enemies to prevent them regrouping The main problem with the Boers’ informal system was divided leadership. The African forces lacked guns, were almost exclusively on foot, and had an inﬂexible command and control system.
After a few hours Mkhaliphi launched a typical 28 A Military History of South Africa envelopment attack on the laager by surrounding it and attacking on all sides. After just 15 minutes of Boer shooting, in which scatter shot from muskets proved particularly effective, Ndebele corpses were piling up around the defensive position. The Ndebele then withdrew with 6,000 cattle and 40,000 sheep that the Boers had kept outside the laager. One hundred and ﬁfty Ndebele died in the assault, and it has been estimated that a total of 450 were killed in the entire engagement.
Capturing large numbers of Xhosa cattle had the added advantage of feeding and paying colonial forces, and the Gcaleka were especially good targets since they did not offer much resistance. Another major British adaptation to Xhosa bush warfare was the increasing use of African irregular military allies, principally the Fingo. Warfare and the Boer Trek (1836–40) During the late 1830s about 15,000 Boers left the Cape Colony and moved into the interior where they defeated dominant African states and established Wars of Colonial Conquest (1830–69) 27 independent republics.
A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid by Timothy J. Stapleton