By Stephen Pollard

ISBN-10: 3319058150

ISBN-13: 9783319058153

ISBN-10: 3319058169

ISBN-13: 9783319058160

This publication relies on premises: one can't comprehend philosophy of arithmetic with out realizing arithmetic and one can't comprehend arithmetic with no doing arithmetic. It attracts readers into philosophy of arithmetic through having them do arithmetic. It deals 298 workouts, overlaying philosophically vital fabric, provided in a philosophically expert manner. The workouts supply readers possibilities to recreate a few arithmetic that would light up very important readings in philosophy of arithmetic. issues comprise primitive recursive mathematics, Peano mathematics, Gödel's theorems, interpretability, the hierarchy of units, Frege mathematics and intuitionist sentential common sense. The booklet is meant for readers who comprehend easy homes of the ordinary and genuine numbers and feature a few history in formal logic.

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**Extra info for A Mathematical Prelude to the Philosophy of Mathematics**

**Example text**

We already used this trick in Chap. ) We can use similar techniques to code formalized PA-proofs. Suppose we have done so. 9 8 The corresponding PA-numeral consists of a single occurrence of ‘0’ preceded by 47,278,574,201,250 occurrences of ‘S’. If you were to produce a token of this numeral, it would be about 100 million km long. That is about two thirds the distance from the Earth to the Sun or about 2,500 times the circumference of the Earth. This suggests that it may be naive to think of PA-numerals as actual physical objects.

11 See Gödel [4], p. 272, footnote b. 5 | · | | | = | · S(S(|)) = pr ed(| · S(|)) = pr ed( pr ed(| · |)) = pr ed( pr ed( pr ed(|))) = pr ed( pr ed(|)) = pr ed(|) = |. 1 confirm that the equation is true when a = |. Our inductive hypothesis is that π ¨ + b = b + π. 2, and our inductive hypothesis, S(π) ¨ + b = S(π ¨ + b) = S(b + π) ¨ = b + S(π). ¨ So the desired property passes from π ¨ to S(π). 6, a · (b + |) = a · S(b) = pr ed(a · b) = (a · b) · |. So the equation is true when c = |. Our inductive hypothesis is that ¨ = (a · b) · π.

1). We will just not be doing it here. If, in what follows, you need to figure out whether it is logically possible for an interpretation to make certain sentences true or false, you will have to draw on your rough-and-ready understanding of those sentences. I hope it is clear, for example, that no interpretation can make ‘0 = 0’ false since that would require that the object assigned to ‘0’ be distinct from the object assigned to ‘0’. It turned out to be mathematically fruitful to give a mathematical definition of the “follows from” relation.

### A Mathematical Prelude to the Philosophy of Mathematics by Stephen Pollard

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