Read e-book online A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990 PDF

By Marion Wallace

ISBN-10: 0231701942

ISBN-13: 9780231701945

Namibia received its independence in 1990 after a long time of fight opposed to South African rule. ahead of its battles with South Africa, the rustic spent years in the grip of German colonialism. during this ebook, the 1st normal heritage of Namibia to be released in additional than 20 years, a celebrated historian and a well known archaeologist supply clean standpoint on those occasions, in addition to an in depth account of the country's precolonial period.The quantity starts off with an soaking up heritage of Namibia from earliest occasions to the coming of German colonialism within the 19th century. Drawing on assets in English and German, the authors discover trajectories of migration, construction, and tool within the precolonial interval, adjustments caused via eu growth, and the dynamics of formal colonialism. They relate the entire event of German rule, together with the genocide of 1904-1908, the wars of valuable and southern Namibia, and the destiny of defeated Africans who have been imprisoned in focus camps. ultimate chapters speak about African nationalism, apartheid, and battle among 1946 and 1990, and the advance of Namibia within the twenty years seeing that independence. a useful creation and source, this quantity reasserts Namibia's an important position within the background of southern Africa and, with its wealthy perception and huge bibliography, furthers in charge study at the kingdom and the continent.

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Xhosa', in fact, is a term borrowed from Khoikhoi, '//kosa' meaning 'angry men'. 23 In these early settlements people thought of their relationships with others in terms of what anthropologists have called 'segmentary kinship'. Xhosa traced descent, evolved a sense of community and identity, produced history, through male links, and built and sustained social networks through the exchange of women in which cattle played one of many important roles in the form of bridewealth (lobola). For the great majority of commoners daily social life centred on the umzi which typically consisted of a senior male, his wife or wives and their unmarried children.

On the other hand, herders 'became' hunter-gatherers when they lost their livestock during times of misfortune. 12 By the time the Dutch East India Company (VOC) established a refreshment station in the Western Cape in 1652, and began visiting the Eastern Cape some thirty-five years later, people who accepted and employed the term Khoikhoi controlled most of the flat lands and rolling hills between the Sundays River and the frontier of European expansion to the west. Khoikhoi lived off the veldkos they collected and the milk and meat of their herds of cattle and flocks of fat-tailed sheep.

Wood engraving by Albert Montemont. for example, cows, grains, the production and reproduction of an agnatically based genealogical representation of the past and the building of enduring centralized political institutions. A new descriptive expression emerged, the 'Xhosa', and people began recognizing in varying degrees the authority of chiefs and the Tshawe royal clan who collectively exercised political control over much of the region south from the high mountains and from the Mbashe River in the east to the Sundays River in the west.

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A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990 by Marion Wallace

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