By Yongxiang Lu
A background of chinese language technology and Technology (Voulumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with Ancient chinese language technological know-how and expertise within the technique of HumanCivilizations and AnOverview of historic chinese language technological know-how and Technology, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of concerns within the background of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with themes on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture, and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological parts heavily concerning garments, nutrition, safeguard, and transportation. This e-book is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China e-book Award, the Shanghai e-book Award (1st prize), and the China Classics overseas (State management of Press, booklet, Radio, movie and tv of The People’s Republic of China) and provides a vital source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures provided to best chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written via best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of Nature Sciences, chinese language educational Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language enterprises, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and expertise, and comparable disciplines.
Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Extra info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3
Then, the full length and the number of “fen’s” consisting of the cross sections of the structural components for the building was regulated, with some room for maneuver of course (the room should have been obtained through years of experience. From the existing physical examples, the dimensions for the section were given certain maneuverability). In building, as long as the nature and number of jian’s are determined, buildings of appropriate proportion and basically reasonable scantlings could be constructed according to the grade and number of “fen’s” of the material set forth.
Sometimes, they were subjected to discrimination, contempt, and restrictions, which might have also inhibited the development of handicraft technology and skills, including architecture. Simply put, on the political level, the ancient Chinese cultural traditions placed kingship in the highest position and emphasized embodiment of heaven and man, monarch and subject, father and son, man and wife, and other “human relations” aspects of theocracy, kingship, clan authority, patriarchal authority and authority of the husband, to control individuals, families, and clans, and to ensure progressively obedience, and common allegiance to the monarchy, so as to maintain social (relations between strata and classes) and national (regalia) stability.
It ranked the cities across the country according to economic strength and population (with upper, medium, and lower ranks for states and four levels for counties), and constructed numerous new cities, extending cities to the frontiers, and promoting the development of remote areas and frontiers. The architecture featured courtyards with rich spatial variations, rooms with plump and vigorous profiles and wooden frames with clear and orderly arrangement, completely devoid of the ancient style of straight and square lines for stateliness and solemnity since the Han Dynasty, and attaining a new realm.
A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3 by Yongxiang Lu