By Rumu Sarkar Ph.D.
In A apprehensive Symmetry: the recent Soldier within the Age of uneven clash Professor Rumu Sarkar deploys a brand new set of analytical ideas to border the phenomenon of world terrorism in a fashion that's either illuminating and fruitful in its sensible purposes for NATO, UN, and AU forces. With cutting edge conceptual instruments built in her essay, "Une Sym?trie de los angeles Peur," which used to be the Prix Fondation Saint-Cyr 2007 essay award winner, Sarkar makes use of the dialectic strategy to build in A worried Symmetry a brand new severe paradigm to unravel the underlying tensions resulting in worldwide terrorism. critical to this paradigm is Sarkar's transformational version of the hot Soldier: a warrior who makes use of compassion, empathy, and cultural figuring out as strategic guns of battle so one can definitively finish the nervous Symmetry. those highbrow abilities and emotional functions has to be inculcated within the New Soldier, now not as ethical imperatives, yet as key operational resources for fighting worldwide jihadism and resolving the conflicts and tensions that lead to international clash. A apprehensive Symmetry exams its paradigm opposed to case reviews of the dialectics of terrorism in failed states (e.g., Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone) and non-failed states (including Pakistan, Indonesia, and the Philippines), the stalemates blockading state-centered ideas of zero-sum counterclaims, as in Palestine, Western Sahara, and Kashmir, and the promise of recent sorts of multilateral, multinational, multicultural, and multilingual job strength cooperation exemplified by means of the experimental partnership among NATO and AU Standby Forces.
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Extra resources for A Fearful Symmetry: The New Soldier in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict (Praeger Security International)
S. S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Pentagon to include Nigeria, Senegal, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. ’’27 Returning to Pakistan, the downstream implications of Pakistan as a potentially failing state are dramatic. A failed state lacks the ability to exert full territorial control of the state. Robert Rotberg remarks that [i]n contrast to strong states, failed states cannot control their borders. They lose authority over chunks of territory. Often, the expression of official power is limited to the capital city and one or more ethnically specific zones.
Not all will be equally important to the United States and the international community. Each stable country must gauge its involvement in failed or failing states according to its own resources and interests. Nor can a ‘‘one size fits all’’ approach be used to address the broad diversity of cases. 35 Eight policy options have been offered by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) as a means to deal with failed states, a review of which may be useful in this context. pdf. that the problem resolves itself on its own.
This was the case in East Timor and Kosovo and requires the active participation of the international community. This may, in fact, be a viable political option in certain instances. A sixth option is to establish a regional authority as a ‘‘watchdog,’’ as with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) acting in Cambodia, and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) acting in Liberia and Sierra Leone, respectively. The utility of this type of arrangement remains open to question because the underlying sources of the conflict are not addressed in this situation.
A Fearful Symmetry: The New Soldier in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict (Praeger Security International) by Rumu Sarkar Ph.D.