By Toshiyuki Kumashiro
This quantity represents the 1st finished paintings on jap clause constitution performed in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. the writer proposes schematic conceptual buildings for the most important buildings within the language and defines eastern case marking and grammatical kin in in simple terms conceptual phrases. The paintings therefore makes a powerful case for the conceptual foundation of grammar, thereby constituting a powerful argument opposed to the autonomy of syntax speculation of Generative Grammar.
The quantity will be of curiosity to any researcher wishing to grasp how Cognitive Grammar, whose fundamental concentration has been at the non-syntactic elements of language, can clarify the clausal constitution of a given language in an in depth, finished, but unifying demeanour. as well as its theoretical findings, the amount encompasses a variety of revealing analyses and interpretations of eastern facts, which may be of significant curiosity to all jap linguists, regardless of their theoretical persuasions.
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Extra resources for A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure
This reference-point ability has numerous linguistic manifestations. One manifestation is in possessive constructions (like Bill’s knife just observed above), in which the possessor corresponds to a reference point, and the possessee to its target (Langacker 1995a). the doctor’s wallet; the dog’s tail; Bill’s uncle; the cat’s fleas; her anxiety; the teacher’s predicament; our bus; your candidate; Lincoln’s assassination b. 17 This is because a reference-point relationship is inherently asymmetrical: a reference point is more cognitively salient and thus more readily accessible than its target.
We further observe that case markers themselves are associated with semantic contents as well. Specifically, we propose in Chapter 8 to 6. The claim that case makers are semantically empty is often not made explicitly and is only implicit in the fact that they are inserted by syntactic rules, which are not allowed to affect “meaning”. However, Miyagawa (1989: 34) explicitly claims that “the nominative ga and the accusative o do not have semantic content, so the thematic role that the NP with these particles has is provided by a source external to the NP-particle phrase”.
Therefore, even such grammatical elements in English as the verb be, the auxiliary do, the perfect have, the progressive/gerundive ‑ing, the prepositions by and of, 9. Those readers who wish to acquaint themselves with the framework in its entirety are referred to a series of works by Langacker (Langacker 1987a, 1990a, 1991, 1999d, 2008, 2009). 10 An objectivist view of meaning based on truth conditions and classical categories (cf. Lakoff 1987) cannot describe the type of meanings discernible in such grammatical elements.
A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure by Toshiyuki Kumashiro