Read e-book online A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th PDF

By Yi Wang

ISBN-10: 3319396323

ISBN-13: 9783319396323

ISBN-10: 3319396331

ISBN-13: 9783319396330

This ebook offers a complete review of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, examining crucial social and monetary adjustments within the housing area. targeting the city adjustments that happened lower than the marketplace financial system after 1978 and past, the booklet addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s outdated urban, the relocation of low-income households from the outdated urban, the government’s position concerning housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the college of Cambridge, it truly is illustrated with a wealth of old photographs and maps of Beijing. providing correct descriptions, large literature and case reviews, the e-book deals a worthy source for college kids and students of structure, city reports and chinese language experiences. First released in 2013 by means of velocity in Hong Kong, it has on account that been further to the libraries of many special universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong college, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.

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Extra resources for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century

Sample text

3 Urban Development Under the Planned Economy (1949–1979) 37 Fig. 21 “Dime houses” inserted into courtyard houses neighbourhood in Jianchang Hutong. 5-m2 floor area. The “dime houses” were intentionally constructed below the normal standards, and had a notional service life of only 20 years (EBHUCB 1992: 443). With such low construction standards and simple and crude facilities, the living conditions in these “dime houses” were very poor. This policy did great damage to Beijing’s Old City: bunkhouses were crammed into the open space or gardens of courtyard houses, and crude rectangular buildings were inserted into traditional residential districts.

After the last Ming emperor was dethroned in an internal rebellion, Manchu armies poured in from the Northeast to fill what was essentially a power vacuum. The Qing Dynasty they founded kept Beijing as its capital. During its reign of 267 years, the city was not subject to any major changes and stayed almost the same as Ming Dynasty Beijing. Even the palaces in the Forbidden City underwent only slight changes, with occasional repairs or partial reconstructions. However, the Qing rulers spent huge financial resources to build enormous imperial pleasure-gardens in Beijing’s north-western suburbs, the most famous of which was the Garden of Perfect Brightness (Yuanmingyuan in Chinese), the old Summer Palace.

Therefore, two types of housing appeared in Beijing: ““work-unit” compounds” managed by “work-units”—the state-owned enterprises or institutions—and publicly owned houses. These latter were mainly those old houses which had been inherited from the former regime or confiscated 9 Not long after the Great Cultural Revolution, the government acknowledged that the demolition of Beijing’s city walls was short sighted. In 1980s, a mile-long segment of the inner city walls at the south-east corner, which was almost pulled down completely, was reconstructed.

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A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century by Yi Wang


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